菜单导航

JSP + Servlet实现生成登录验证码示例

作者: 精装之家 来源: 精装之家 发布时间: 2019年10月09日 15:23:52

随机生成四位数验证码,包括汉字,数字,英文大小写。

1.Servlet类

package servlet; import java.awt.BasicStroke; import java.awt.Color; import java.awt.Font; import java.awt.Graphics; import java.awt.Graphics2D; import java.awt.geom.AffineTransform; import java.awt.geom.Line2D; import java.awt.image.BufferedImage; import java.io.IOException; import java.io.PrintWriter; import java.util.Random; import javax.imageio.ImageIO; import javax.servlet.ServletException; import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet; import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest; import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse; import javax.servlet.http.HttpSession; public class PictureCheckCode extends HttpServlet { private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L; public PictureCheckCode() { super(); } public void destroy() { super.destroy(); } public void init() throws ServletException { super.init(); } /*该方法主要作用是获得随机生成的颜色*/ public Color getRandColor(int s,int e){ Random random=new Random (); if(s>255) s=255; if(e>255) e=255; int r,g,b; r=s+random.nextInt(e-s); //随机生成RGB颜色中的r值 g=s+random.nextInt(e-s); //随机生成RGB颜色中的g值 b=s+random.nextInt(e-s); //随机生成RGB颜色中的b值 return new Color(r,g,b); } public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException { System.out.println("this is doGet method"); this.doPost(request, response); } public void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException { //设置不缓存图片 response.setHeader("Pragma", "No-cache"); response.setHeader("Cache-Control", "No-cache"); response.setDateHeader("Expires", 0); //指定生成的响应图片,一定不能缺少这句话,否则错误. response.setContentType("image/jpeg"); int width=80,height=35; //指定生成验证码的宽度和高度 BufferedImage image=new BufferedImage(width,height,BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB); //创建BufferedImage对象,其作用相当于一图片 Graphics g=image.getGraphics(); //创建Graphics对象,其作用相当于画笔 Graphics2D g2d=(Graphics2D)g; //创建Grapchics2D对象 Random random=new Random(); Font mfont=new Font("楷体",Font.BOLD,16); //定义字体样式 g.setColor(getRandColor(200,250)); g.fillRect(0, 0, width, height); //绘制背景 g.setFont(mfont); //设置字体 g.setColor(getRandColor(180,200)); //绘制100条颜色和位置全部为随机产生的线条,该线条为2f for(int i=0;i<100;i++){ int x=random.nextInt(width-1); int y=random.nextInt(height-1); int x1=random.nextInt(6)+1; int y1=random.nextInt(12)+1; BasicStroke bs=new BasicStroke(2f,BasicStroke.CAP_BUTT,BasicStroke.JOIN_BEVEL); //定制线条样式 Line2D line=new Line2D.Double(x,y,x+x1,y+y1); g2d.setStroke(bs); g2d.draw(line); //绘制直线 } //输出由英文,数字,和中文随机组成的验证文字,具体的组合方式根据生成随机数确定。 String sRand=""; String ctmp=""; int itmp=0; //制定输出的验证码为四位 for(int i=0;i<4;i++){ switch(random.nextInt(3)){ case 1: //生成A-Z的字母 itmp=random.nextInt(26)+65; ctmp=String.valueOf((char)itmp); break; case 2: //生成汉字 String[] rBase={"0","1","2","3","4","5","6","7","8","9","a","b","c","d","e","f"}; //生成第一位区码 int r1=random.nextInt(3)+11; String str_r1=rBase[r1]; //生成第二位区码 int r2; if(r1==13){ r2=random.nextInt(7); }else{ r2=random.nextInt(16); } String str_r2=rBase[r2]; //生成第一位位码 int r3=random.nextInt(6)+10; String str_r3=rBase[r3]; //生成第二位位码 int r4; if(r3==10){ r4=random.nextInt(15)+1; }else if(r3==15){ r4=random.nextInt(15); }else{ r4=random.nextInt(16); } String str_r4=rBase[r4]; //将生成的机内码转换为汉字 byte[] bytes=new byte[2]; //将生成的区码保存到字节数组的第一个元素中 String str_12=str_r1+str_r2; int tempLow=Integer.parseInt(str_12, 16); bytes[0]=(byte) tempLow; //将生成的位码保存到字节数组的第二个元素中 String str_34=str_r3+str_r4; int tempHigh=Integer.parseInt(str_34, 16); bytes[1]=(byte)tempHigh; ctmp=new String(bytes); break; default: itmp=random.nextInt(10)+48; ctmp=String.valueOf((char)itmp); break; } sRand+=ctmp; Color color=new Color(20+random.nextInt(110),20+random.nextInt(110),random.nextInt(110)); g.setColor(color); //将生成的随机数进行随机缩放并旋转制定角度 PS.建议不要对文字进行缩放与旋转,因为这样图片可能不正常显示 /*将文字旋转制定角度*/ Graphics2D g2d_word=(Graphics2D)g; AffineTransform trans=new AffineTransform(); trans.rotate((45)*3.14/180,15*i+8,7); /*缩放文字*/ float scaleSize=random.nextFloat()+0.8f; if(scaleSize>1f) scaleSize=1f; trans.scale(scaleSize, scaleSize); g2d_word.setTransform(trans); g.drawString(ctmp, 15*i+18, 14); } HttpSession session=request.getSession(true); session.setAttribute("randCheckCode", sRand); System.out.println(sRand); g.dispose(); //释放g所占用的系统资源 ImageIO.write(image,"JPEG",response.getOutputStream()); //输出图片 } }